WHAT IS THE COLON AND WHAT IS ITS FUNCTION?
To briefly summarize, the colon, or large intestine, is the last section of the digestive system where substances that have not been absorbed by the small intestine go.
In the first half of the colon a large amount of water is absorbed in the chyle to compact the stool and is then stored in the second half of the colon until it is evacuated.
Evacuation occurs through the peristaltic movement of the colon. However, it is important to know that for peristalsis to properly develop and be as effective as possible, must be avoided industrialized food and sedentary life must be avoided, as they directly affect its proper functioning.
Additionally, the colon can also have an abnormal anatomy that limits correct digestive health:
A megacolon, a dolicocolon or diverticula, is prone to the accumulation of organic matter at the intestinal level, producing various digestive disorders that will affect a person throughout their entire lifetime and will be more or less severe according to the person’s eating habits and intestinal hygiene.
Therefore, if the large intestine does not evacuate adequately in quantity and frequency, the colon will accumulate waste, thus altering the balance of the bacterial flora. This balance is of vital importance since the bacterial activity in the colon has many functions, such as the production of Vitamin K and vitamins of group B. In addition, it is responsible, together with the lungs and the kidneys, for maintaining a correct acid-balance and preventing the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria.